How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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Наука та технологія

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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КОМЕНТАРІ

  1. SmarterEveryDay
    SmarterEveryDay
    13 днів тому

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    1. Leo
      Leo
      19 годин тому

      YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

    2. Elizabeth Cullum Hart
      Elizabeth Cullum Hart
      2 дні тому

      @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

    3. Snoop Dogg
      Snoop Dogg
      2 дні тому

      What if it goes boom

    4. Daye Jung
      Daye Jung
      3 дні тому

      Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.

    5. Isaac Imran
      Isaac Imran
      4 дні тому

      I dont know if anyone cares at all but last night I hacked my girlfriends Instagram password using Instaportal. Find it on google if you wanna try it

  2. Meh
    Meh
    24 хвилини тому

    "I'm from ohio" "Oh"

  3. angel gallegos
    angel gallegos
    24 хвилини тому

    Why can’t they put a plant

  4. Sean Williams
    Sean Williams
    49 хвилин тому

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  5. nocola nocola
    nocola nocola
    2 години тому

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  6. Jeff Mitchell
    Jeff Mitchell
    2 години тому

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  7. Patrick Hawthorne
    Patrick Hawthorne
    2 години тому

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  8. Jonathan Friesen
    Jonathan Friesen
    3 години тому

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  9. dlj rocket
    dlj rocket
    3 години тому

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  10. random269
    random269
    5 годин тому

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  11. Rafael Guillen
    Rafael Guillen
    5 годин тому

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  12. The Murph77
    The Murph77
    6 годин тому

    Nine inch nail!!

  13. DommoPA
    DommoPA
    6 годин тому

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  14. Naveen Paraparan
    Naveen Paraparan
    6 годин тому

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  15. Rainbow Squash
    Rainbow Squash
    7 годин тому

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  16. WypmanGames
    WypmanGames
    7 годин тому

    before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

    1. WypmanGames
      WypmanGames
      3 години тому

      @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

    2. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  17. Enila5
    Enila5
    8 годин тому

    19:41 father and son

  18. Juan Gabriel Falcon
    Juan Gabriel Falcon
    8 годин тому

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  19. Klipk
    Klipk
    9 годин тому

    "So is this you job" LOL

  20. J Steensgaard
    J Steensgaard
    10 годин тому

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      Годину тому

      @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

    2. J Steensgaard
      J Steensgaard
      2 години тому

      @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

    3. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      People.

  21. wabs05
    wabs05
    12 годин тому

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  22. B Person
    B Person
    12 годин тому

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  23. Andrew Murray
    Andrew Murray
    13 годин тому

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  24. Hey Ho
    Hey Ho
    13 годин тому

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  25. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    13 годин тому

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  26. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    13 годин тому

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. UKreads never fails to amaze.

  27. Sheik S
    Sheik S
    15 годин тому

    I learn more information about your tips

  28. only pain
    only pain
    16 годин тому

    The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian

  29. Joe D
    Joe D
    16 годин тому

    This was an amazing video

  30. Fenrir Nobody
    Fenrir Nobody
    16 годин тому

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  31. Sniperbuddy Dex
    Sniperbuddy Dex
    16 годин тому

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  32. dsfgh zxc
    dsfgh zxc
    17 годин тому

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  33. rollonbc
    rollonbc
    17 годин тому

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      2 години тому

      @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

    2. rollonbc
      rollonbc
      3 години тому

      @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

    3. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  34. Silvia Fox
    Silvia Fox
    18 годин тому

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  35. Dalton Cloninger
    Dalton Cloninger
    18 годин тому

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  36. Jeffstan F
    Jeffstan F
    19 годин тому

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

  37. Open your eyes
    Open your eyes
    20 годин тому

    4:40 the dude in the back lol

  38. Bryan Overton
    Bryan Overton
    20 годин тому

    "We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.

  39. scubaseppy
    scubaseppy
    20 годин тому

    Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?

  40. Tom Liu
    Tom Liu
    21 годину тому

    Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )

  41. Nate
    Nate
    21 годину тому

    Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.

  42. Bath Minchew
    Bath Minchew
    21 годину тому

    The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears

  43. Jacob DeBerry
    Jacob DeBerry
    22 години тому

    Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?

  44. Wild Mountain Gwendy
    Wild Mountain Gwendy
    22 години тому

    Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.

  45. Jason Garfitt
    Jason Garfitt
    23 години тому

    This is a great video

  46. Trevor Johnston
    Trevor Johnston
    День тому

    Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,

  47. Mr. Gherkin
    Mr. Gherkin
    День тому

    O x y g e n

  48. John Springart
    John Springart
    День тому

    Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!

  49. Michael Lederman
    Michael Lederman
    День тому

    About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.

  50. Timothy Jeffiers
    Timothy Jeffiers
    День тому

    Cool stuff

  51. David Nielsen
    David Nielsen
    День тому

    first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty

  52. Muscle Head
    Muscle Head
    День тому

    The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris

  53. SlipKnighT09
    SlipKnighT09
    День тому

    Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air

  54. Test Test
    Test Test
    День тому

    "So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.

  55. siren synapse
    siren synapse
    День тому

    Only God can make oxygen, beotch.

  56. Daniel Curtis
    Daniel Curtis
    День тому

    I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...

  57. Dan Ostrom
    Dan Ostrom
    День тому

    so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      Out with the garbage.

  58. Willywamo
    Willywamo
    День тому

    Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air

  59. Noah Manji
    Noah Manji
    День тому

    No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant

  60. Samuel Lipscomb
    Samuel Lipscomb
    День тому

    Thank you.

  61. budgiefriend
    budgiefriend
    День тому

    How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)

  62. Johan Faas
    Johan Faas
    День тому

    The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....

  63. Drunk Astronaut
    Drunk Astronaut
    День тому

    Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”

  64. Chris Hayes
    Chris Hayes
    День тому

    Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?

  65. sffsd sfsf
    sffsd sfsf
    День тому

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  66. Ptao Tom
    Ptao Tom
    День тому

    He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio

  67. Darth Vaper
    Darth Vaper
    День тому

    I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented

    1. Ptao Tom
      Ptao Tom
      День тому

      Plug.. Hole😂😂😂

  68. kuddi B
    kuddi B
    День тому

    Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂

  69. Noname Lolnonono
    Noname Lolnonono
    День тому

    Because they make there own 😂😂

  70. Ryan Krystowski
    Ryan Krystowski
    День тому

    This channel makes me smarter...every day!

  71. jackvonpit the last
    jackvonpit the last
    День тому

    This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos

  72. Hazy Skies
    Hazy Skies
    День тому

    I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**

    1. Hazy Skies
      Hazy Skies
      День тому

      Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.

    2. Hazy Skies
      Hazy Skies
      День тому

      Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/

  73. Riadul Islam
    Riadul Islam
    День тому

    Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?

  74. Alex Fox
    Alex Fox
    День тому

    use the oxygen candle for deep diving!

  75. Alex Fox
    Alex Fox
    День тому

    Devin keeps using all the oxygen!

  76. MrAnthism
    MrAnthism
    День тому

    No windows? Not a job for me!!!

  77. Poop Smith
    Poop Smith
    День тому

    Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.

  78. Marco Badici
    Marco Badici
    День тому

    Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"

  79. Clasmir
    Clasmir
    День тому

    You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol

  80. Flowmasta Flam
    Flowmasta Flam
    День тому

    sure, sniff away.

  81. Marc C
    Marc C
    День тому

    i feel like every crew is a scientist lol

  82. Leonidas
    Leonidas
    День тому

    Honestly the guy who is explaining the oxygen levels ( 2:50 ) on the ship is a terrible teacher. Why couldn’t an officer or even a nco explain this? Anyways, awesome video.

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      He’s an NCO, or as we call them in the Navy, a Petty Officer. He’s an E5, and seemed to know what he’s talking about.

  83. j abe
    j abe
    День тому

    Plug.. Hole😂😂😂

  84. Jacob Ellinger
    Jacob Ellinger
    День тому

    this might be a weird question but do subs have procedures for bed bug infestations and also what preventative measures do they have in place?

  85. Nikola Stanisic
    Nikola Stanisic
    День тому

    - It can monitor our atmosphere, oxygen... - So it is in the middle of the boat? - y..yes *taking notes in russian*

  86. James Null
    James Null
    День тому

    So very informative!!! Thank you for posting this video. 🇺🇸

  87. Jade Mills
    Jade Mills
    День тому

    Are you kidding ME! Princince is the best little Lab ever!

  88. Erik Thompson
    Erik Thompson
    День тому

    Destin... Huge fan.. love what you do, but I was concerned that you suggested sprinkling LiOH on the bunks. I'm not sure what form this LiOH is in, but it looks like pure LiOH is pretty toxic (3 out of 4 on the Health Hazard scale) along the lines of NaOH (Lye). Might be interesting to see what we could learn about how this danger is contained. Maybe "the professor" (Martyn Poliakoff) at Periodic Videos might have something to say.

  89. Nic Ferrier
    Nic Ferrier
    День тому

    I've got a really cool idea for a video. I'll try to make it as short a possible. The idea is basically catching a snowflake turn from solid to liquid then to gas all in one slow motion shot. I believe you could do this by lowering the atmospheric pressure and increasing the heat inside vs outside. I believe I witnessed this and would love to recreate it and see it in detail.

  90. malcoperegrantus
    malcoperegrantus
    День тому

    you should not feature so many things that are intended to kill people

  91. Bobby Bologna
    Bobby Bologna
    День тому

    those oxygen candles are so neat, i had no idea

  92. Bobby Bologna
    Bobby Bologna
    День тому

    8:09 and just like that I know "Reverse Osmosis" hahaha! Never heard Destin NOT want to explain something before, hilarious.

  93. Jeremiah Lim
    Jeremiah Lim
    День тому

    50 million uninsured Americans will use VXPASS smart phone app...BSV coin to track their vaccination on double dosage injection. This is first time crypto currency is employed to track uninsured patients who do not have health record documents. I already bought $100000 worth of BSV coin as the future technology to rule America..

  94. Fabulous Onwudebe
    Fabulous Onwudebe
    День тому

    4:30 why is there 2 red eys?

  95. juicyNathan
    juicyNathan
    День тому

    Спасибо за видео, коммент для продвижения канала

  96. นพดล ดวงแก้ว
    นพดล ดวงแก้ว
    День тому

    How i make my house cleaned as the submarine?

  97. some irish fella
    some irish fella
    День тому

    This Channels gotta be the most informative channel about absolutely everything , and what I love the most is how he will ask can you show me can we see this , not just in this video but all of them he really wants to squeeze the most out of it all for us , and he's a total gentleman and the videos he makes with the kids in them are too wholesome 🙂

  98. Kai Cao
    Kai Cao
    День тому

    How to deal with the hydrogen when using electrolysis to make oxygen? Unlike CO2, hydrogen is hard to compress and much more dangerous.

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      3 години тому

      We just send it overboard.

  99. dale blue
    dale blue
    День тому

    Besides jet fighters pilots sub crew must be another geek level. Awesome

  100. Sutha Sinnathurai
    Sutha Sinnathurai
    2 дні тому

    The people in submarines knows how much trees are important for us